In the news: Gender Gap

From The New York Times, “The Top Jobs Where Women Are Outnumbered by Men Named John“, April 24, 2018. Fewer Republican senators are women than men named John — despite the fact that Johns represent 3.3 percent of the population, while women represent 50.8 percent. Fewer Democratic governors are women than men named John. And fewer women directed the top-grossing 100 films last year than men named Michael and James combined.

From The Guardian, “This is where the gender pay gap starts — with teenage workers“, March 14, 2018.  We have heard about pay inequality from Hollywood to the BBC. My research shows it begins earlier than we suspected

From Salon, “4 of the biggest myths about the gender pay gap“, March 13, 2018 At the current rate at which women’s pay is improving, the World Economic Forum says it will take 200 years to close the gender pay gap worldwide. This makes it more urgent than ever that we debunk myths about the falsity of the gender pay gap. Here are four of the most common.

From The Atlantic, “Poor girls are leaving their brothers behind“, November 27, 2017.  As a college education becomes increasingly important in today’s economy, it’s girls, not boys, who are succeeding in school. For kids from poor families, that can make the difference between social mobility and a lifetime of poverty.

From Quartz, “To close the gender gap in jobs, women need new laws and men need new attitudes“, October 4, 2017.  A new report from the OECD about gender equality includes some good news: Roughly two-thirds of OECD countries have introduced new policies on pay equality since 2013, and more countries are also implementing paid paternity leave. But the research also highlights some less good news:

From The New York Times, “At Google, Employee-Led Effort Find Men Are Paid More Than Women“, September 8, 2017.  Female employees are paid less than male staff members at most job levels within Google, and the pay disparity extends as women climb the corporate ladder, according to data compiled by employees that provide a snapshot of salary information at the internet giant.

From BBC News, “Female stars call on BBC ‘to sort gender pay gap now‘”, July 23, 2017 Presenters Clare Balding, Victoria Derbyshire and Emily Maitlis are among those who have signed an open letter to director general Tony Hall. They urge him to “correct” the disparity over gender pay, which they say has been known “for years”. Lord Hall said “work is already well under way” to resolve the pay gap.

From The New York Times, “Why Women Aren’t C.E.O.s, According to Women Who Almost Were“, July 21, 2017.  It’s not a pipeline problem. It’s about loneliness,
competition and deeply rooted barriers.

From CNNMoney, “BBC reveals its highest paid stars and a major gender gap“, July 19, 2017 The BBC revealed the salaries of its entertainment stars and top journalists on Wednesday. The data, which was being published for the first time, betrayed an embarrassing fact: It’s paying its female stars a lot less.

From Bloomberg, “Why Can’t Your Company Just Fix the Gender Wage Gap?“, June 21, 2017.  Beyond the stalling, waffling, denying, punishing, and ignoring, some answers.

From Financial Times, “EU gender gap on pensions twice as big as pay divide“, June 5, 2017.  Women receive, on average, 40% less than men, raising the risk of poverty in retirement.

From The Guardian, “Just graduated? You’ll likely earn $3 less per hour if you’re a woman“, June 2, 2017.  What to make then of a new report from the Economic Policy Institute which finds that, right out of college, women earn around $3 less per hour than their male peers? The EPI found that “while young men (age 21–24) with a college degree are paid an average hourly wage of $20.87 early in their careers, their female counterparts are paid an average hourly wage of just $17.88.”

From Fortune, “Why More Salary Data Won’t Close the Gender Wage Gap“, June 1, 2017.  As a data scientist, I’ve always believed that data and transparency would play a key role in closing the frustratingly persistent wage gap; in fact, I wrote about the power of data to create a more equitable workforce last year.

From The Washington Post, “The surprising role where women consistently earn more than men“, May 26, 2017 The gender pay gap has shown up in seemingly every job there is: Tech workers. Scientists. Even male nurses make more than their female peers. But in one occupation — one at the very tiptop of Corporate America — the median woman has consistently earned more than the median man. It’s the corner office of the country’s largest public companies: chief executives of S&P 500 corporations.

From Medscape, “The Gender Gap in Cardiology Is Embarrassing“, May 26, 2017.  Our female interventional cardiologist, Dr Sreedevi Gondi, wrote, “I had so few female mentors, and none of them were interventional. And although I did have male attendings that were supportive, encouraging even, it was with an underlying understanding that as a female I was making my life harder by choosing this path.”

From Inc., “If You Want to Close the Gender Gap, You Need to Have a Good Story to Tell“, May 26, 2017 Therefore, when women look for jobs, assessing their future day-to-day experience is a critical part of the process. In other words, women want to understand the “day-in-the-life” and feel an emotional connection with their prospective employer.

From Fortune, “State Street Takes On Wall Street’s Gender Gap“, May 23, 2017 When the Fearless Girl statue appeared in lower Manhattan in March, it was, for a while, almost impossible to escape her. Here was a little girl, about four feet tall, staring down the massive bronze Charging Bull, a testosterone-charged symbol of Wall Street bravado. The imagery was captivating: High finance, Fearless Girl affirmed, was a woman’s world too.

From Inside Higher Ed, “Survey Finds Race, Gender Gaps on College Staff“, May 18, 2017.  Racial and ethnic minorities are underrepresented among higher education staff members and are on the losing end of a pay gap, according to a new survey from an association of higher education human resources professionals that covers staff age, gender, race, ethnicity, pay and tenure.

From The New York Times, “The Gender Pay Gap Is Largely Because of Motherhood“, May 13, 2017 When men and women finish school and start working, they’re paid pretty much equally. But a gender pay gap soon appears, and it grows significantly over the next two decades.

From MarketWatch, “American colleges could be doing more to close the gender pay gap“, April 19, 2017.  In just a few short weeks college graduates will be tossing up their mortar boards in celebration and taking their first foray into the adult world — a scary and exciting step for all young adults. But female college graduates will quickly be hit with a particularly sobering dose of reality: in most cases they’ll already be earning less than their fellow male graduates.

From The Boston Globe, “Teachers from around world learning how to narrow gender gap“, April 14, 2017.  A group of 21 international high school teachers gathered at the University of Massachusetts Lowell recently to tell their stories and discuss their nations’ efforts to decrease the gender gap in their education systems and workforce.

From Forbes, “One Of America’s Youngest Feature Film Producers Explains How Millennials Can Bridge The Gender Gap“, March 31, 2017Ansley has realized, like many leading women in film, tech, finance, journalism and other male-dominated fields, that there are still disadvantages to being female.

From Slate, “The Gender Gap in Cybersecurity Jobs Isn’t Getting Better“, March 17, 2017.  Solving this particular problem requires first that we know what’s preventing women from entering the industry in the first place and what’s making them feel less welcome there…..The study found that 51 percent of women (and 15 percent of men) had experienced one or more forms of discrimination (like unexplained denial or delay in career advancement, exaggerated highlighting of mistakes or errors, and tokenism).

From Nature, “Salaries: Gender pay disparity“, March 15, 2017Women in US academic administration earn less than men. Female representation is climbing in academia’s highest administrative ranks in the United States — but women in those jobs earn less than men do in the same positions, finds a report by the College and University Professional Association for Human Resources in Knoxville, Tennessee.

From AP News, “In world first, Iceland to require firms to prove equal pay“, March 8, 2017 Iceland will be the first country in the world to make employers prove they offer equal pay regardless of gender, ethnicity, sexuality or nationality, the Nordic nation’s government said Wednesday — International Women’s Day. The government said it will introduce legislation to parliament this month, requiring all employers with more than 25 staff members to obtain certification to prove they give equal pay for work of equal value.

From The Boston Globe, “The 2,500-year-old roots of gender inequality“, March 4, 2017.  Women still struggle for equal rights around the world — and considering patriarchy’s deep-seated roots in human history, it’s no wonder. In China, gender inequality may have its seeds in the Bronze Age more than 2,500 years ago, according to a recent study from Queens College in New York City.

From The Washington Post, “How we could close tech’s gender gap in a decade“, February 24, 2017 We all know that the technology industry has a gender problem. But how do you move the needle from awareness to action? Sheryl Sandberg, Facebook’s chief operating officer, and Girls Who Code, a nonprofit tech group, have an idea: take the fight to the states.

From The Washington Post,Race and gender can be barriers to making it in the entertainment industry. But so can class.“, February 8, 2017.  There have been a slew of studies about how hard it is for women and people of color to break into the entertainment industry, and a new British Academy of Film and Television Arts report reinforces those notions with the help of British actors…..But the report briefly mentions one other interesting variable: the “class ceiling” that holds back strivers who weren’t born at the right level on the social hierarchy.

From The New York Times, “How to Close a Gender Gap: Let Employees Control Their Schedules“, February 7, 2017.  The main reason for the gender gaps at work — why women are paid less, why they’re less likely to reach the top levels of companies, and why they’re more likely to stop working after having children — is employers’ expectation that people spend long hours at their desks, research has shown.

From The Atlantic, “The Ivy’s League’s Gender Pay-Gap Problem“, February 2, 2017.  Across the United States, 34-year-old women, on average, make between 10 and 18 percent less than 34-year-old men. That gap isn’t surprising — it’s actually been slowly improving in recent years. What’s striking is that, when you only consider Ivy League graduates, the gap is significantly wider.

From The Washington Post, “It will take 170 years for women to be equal to men—unless some things change, study says“, January 31, 2017.  It’s getting harder to be a woman. That’s the conclusion of a new study on the Global Gender Gap from the World Economic Forum. The annual review looks at 142 countries, and evaluates women’s standing in the world based on four indexes: educational attainment, health, political empowerment and economic participation.

From The Guardian, “Gender pay gap starts early with 20% disparity in pocket money — study“, January 23, 2017 The gender pay gap by which women earn significantly less than men during their careers begins early in childhood with boys receiving 20% more pocket money than girls, according to a report. Not only do girls receive less money, they are allowed less financial independence; they are less likely to receive regular payments than boys, and are more dependent on others to buy items for them and manage their money on their behalf.

From The Boston Globe, “Pat Jehlen and Ellen Story: The champions of equal pay for women“, December 14, 2016.  Never give up: It could be the anthem for women in 2016. That mind-set kept longtime state legislators Patricia Jehlen and Ellen Story going in their quest to close the stubborn gender wage gap in Massachusetts. After two decades, the pair finally got their way in August, when Governor Charlie Baker signed groundbreaking legislation designed to reduce pay discrimination.

From The Guardian, “Gender pay gap means women ‘working for free from now until 2017“, November 9, 2016.  Women will in effect work for free for the rest of the year because of the gender pay gap, which will take 60 years to close at the current rate of progress, campaigners say. The Fawcett Society called for more action from the government and employers to tackle pay discrimination, job “segregation” and help women into senior posts. Thursday has been labelled equal pay day (EPD), with the society saying the 13.9% pay gap means women are in effect working for nothing from now until the end of the year.

From The Boston Globe, “The gender gap starts early: Girls do far more chores than boys“, October 11, 2016.  For the first few years of life, boys and girls are mostly equal. They develop mentally at about the same rate, are disciplined similarly, and are equally likely to start school, a new UNICEF study says. But the study suggests that gender differences begin to grow as the children do — particularly when girls become big enough to pick up a broom, care for an ailing grandparent, or fetch water.Worldwide, girls spend about 50 percent more time on chores than their brothers, according to UNICEF. In the Middle East, North Africa, and South Asia, the gap is wider — girls ages 5 to 14 spend twice as much time on chores.

From The New York Times, “With Women in Command, the Met Opera Addresses a Gender Gap“, September 15, 2016 Better late than never. That’s a fair way to characterize one of the most important events of the new season: the Metropolitan Opera’s first production of the Finnish composer Kaija Saariaho’s “L’Amour de Loin.”…..With this production, the company addresses some dismaying gaps in its history. “L’Amour de Loin” (“Love From Afar”) will be the Met’s first opera by a woman since 1903, when “Der Wald,” a one-act fairy tale by the British composer Ethel M. Smyth, was presented.

From The New York Times, “For Many Women, Adequate Pensions Are Still a Far Reach“, June 3, 2016 For most women reaching retirement age today, however, their situation is still generally worse than that of their male counterparts. “Women are 80 percent more likely than men to be impoverished at age 65 and older, while women between the ages of 75 and 79 are three times more likely than men to be living in poverty,” said Diane Oakley, the retirement security institute’s executive director.